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Chemicals, Materials, and Safety RegulationsUpdated a month ago

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The outer material of Zoe strollers is high-quality 600D (600 denier) nylon very similar to Cordura. It is naturally flame retardant so no flame retardant chemicals are added.

Our stroller materials are polyethylene, polyester, and 600 denier nylon. Polyethylene is a food-grade, safe plastic. We test all of our products to the latest ASTM and JPMA standards (see belowusing ASTM-approved 3rd party laboratories. Additionally, all of our strollers are free from BPA, Pesticides, PFAS, Phthalates, PAH and Formaldehyde. Our seats & canopies also use a fabric coating of polyethylene for waterproofing. 

Zoe Strollers

  • Are free of flame retardants
  • Are free from polyurethane foam
  • Have a 5-point harness made of plastic
  • Do not contain phthalates
  • Use 600D coated fabric (i.e., polyester coated with polyethylene for waterproofing) for the seat and canopy
  • Use EVA plastic for the wheels and have an aluminum frame
  • Carry JPMA certification and meet ASTM safety standards

Zoe Rain Covers

Our rain covers are made with PVC and all of our PVC is phthalate-free and BPA-free.


Zoe Wheels

All Zoe stroller wheels are solid and require no pumping or air (don’t worry - you’ll never get caught stranded with a flat!)

Our Everyday wheels - PU/polyurethane

  • PU is a manufactured product designed around 50 years ago that mimics the rubber's grip and softness. These wheels are a unique product that offers the elasticity of rubber wheels combined with the toughness and durability of metal wheels. This makes polyurethane the perfect tread for transportation wheels, traction wheels and guiding rollers.

Our All-Terrain WheelsEVA plastic with a rubber skin outer layer

  • Rubber is a natural material sourced from the rubber tree. It is the highest quality wheel material, with superb grip, durability and softness. Rubber wheels feel incredibly smooth to push and work well at any temperature. In addition, rubber is the safest material - it doesn't slide on smooth or wet surfaces and lasts longer. 

Our Lightweight Travel Wheels - EVA plastic

  • EVA is the abbreviation for “ethylene vinyl acetate” – a plastic made from the combination of ethylene and vinyl acetate. This elastomeric polymer can be used to make products that are rubber-like in their softness and flexibility. Being as lightweight as possible is the most important factor here.

You can find more information on our wheels here


ASTM safety standards include

Surface Coating Limit: Carriages and strollers must not be painted with paint that contains more than 90 ppm (0.009 percent) lead.

Lead Content Limit: Carriages and strollers must not contain greater than 100 ppm (0.01 percent) of total lead content in any accessible component part.

Phthalate Content Limits: Carriages and strollers that contain plasticized parts that are designed, marketed, or intended to facilitate sleep (i.e., carriages or reclining strollers) or that have plasticized components that are designed, marketed, or intended to facilitate eating (i.e., food tray), must not contain more than 0.1 percent of the following eight specified phthalates: di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), or benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), diisononyl phthalate (DINP), diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP), di-n-pentyl phthalate (DPENP), di-n-hexyl phthalate (DHEXP), and dicyclohexyl phthalate (DCHP).

Additionally, you can purchase a snack tray to use instead of the child’s leatherette handlebar if you do not wish to use the leatherette. 

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